Legislation

Below, you will find a list of state and federal laws related to dyslexia and literacy.  Please use these resources in your education and advocacy work in 

your community.  

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Virginia Legislation

1997 Virginia law required literacy screening for K - 3 

2002 Virginia law defined dyslexia 

2013 HB 2068 adds kindergarten and grades one and two to the requirement that local school divisions provide early intervention services to students in grade three who demonstrate deficiencies based on their individual performance on diagnostic reading tests. 

2016 HB842 passed in February for July 1, 2017 implementation for 40-minute teacher training module on dyslexia attached to state licensure

2017 SB1516 passed in February for July 1, 2017 implementation for all districts with a reading specialist to designate one as a dyslexia advisor, acting as an expert for the district

2018 SB368 passed in February for July 1, 2018 implementation for all VA reading specialist higher education programs to include coursework on dyslexia

2019 SB1718 bill to include a RAN to the VA PALS literacy screener converted to a workgroup to study literacy screeners with reporting to the General Assembly on December 1, 2019. 

2020 HB410 bill directs each local school board to enact a policy to require that timely written notification is provided to the parents of results of a literacy screening and planned intervention. Effective date was July 1, 2020.

2020 SB323 permits a student who is pursuing an advanced diploma and whose individualized education program specifies a credit accommodation for world language to substitute two standard units of credit in computer science for two standard units of credit in a world language. Effective date was July 1, 2020.

2020 SB904 directs the State Council of Higher Education for Virginia to facilitate the development of a statewide coalition of public institutions of higher education in the Commonwealth, by December 1, 2020. Results of the initial meeting found here.

2021 HB1865 requires reading intervention services for students in kindergarten through grade three who demonstrate deficiencies based on their individual performance on the SOL reading test or any reading diagnostic test that meets criteria established by the Department of Education to be evidence-based and grounded in the science of reading. Parental notification of intervention must be made in a timely manner.  Effective date was July 1, 2021. 

Federal Legislation

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act 2004 (IDEA)

One of our nation's special education law that provides rights and protections to children with disabilities and to their parents or legal guardians.

Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973

One of our nation's special education law that provides rights and protections to children with disabilities and to their parents or legal guardians.

 Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA)

One of our nation's special education law that provides rights and protections to children with disabilities and to their parents or legal guardians.

Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) 2015

One of our nation's special education law that provides rights and protections to children with disabilities and to their parents or legal guardians.

Research Excellence and Advancements for Dyslexia (READ Act) 2016

Directs the National Science Foundation (NSF) to set aside at least $2.5 million in its annual budget for dyslexia research, with a focus on early identification of children and students, professional development for teachers and administrators, and curricula development and evidence-based educational tools.

First Step Act of 2018

Adding dyslexia screening and evidenced based treatment for inmates in the Federal Bureau of Prisons